読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

a record of inner life

やったことや考えたこと・本・論文・音楽の備忘録。 特に環境科学・生態毒性に関して。

最近出くわして意味の分からなかった英単語・語句まとめ

英語論文を読んでいて、詰まった英単語・フレーズをピックアップ。英訳はWiktionaryから引用しました。適宜追加。

 

  • ado... Doing; Trouble; difficulty; Troublesome business.  

                            Ex) He made much ado about it.

  • aliased ... Using more than one name, or being refered to in more than one way. 
  • convex...curved or bowed outward like the outside of a bowl or sphere or circle. 
  • crux... The basic, central or essential point or feature.
  • envisage...To conceive or see something within one's mind. To imagine or envision. 
  • delineation... The act of delineating (to draw an outline), depiction. 
  • drawback... A disadvantage; something that detracts or takes away.
  • ephemeral... something which lasts for a shor period of time. 
  • garner... To gather as if harvesting grain. 

                           Ex) A related idea is that garnering attention is ...

  • half-sib...The offspring of one's parent who shares only one parent.
  •  indulge...  To yeild to a temptation or desire. To satisfy the wishes or whims of.

                           Ex) I indulged in drinking on the weekend.

  • obviate... 1: To anticipate and prevent or bypass (something which would otherwise be necessary or required). 

                         2: To avoid (a future problem or difficult situation).

  • parsimonious...1: Exhibiting parsimony; sparing in expenditure of money.

                             2: Using a minimal number of assumptions, steps, or conjectures.

  • progeny... Offspring or descendants.
  • prosaic... overly plain, simple or commonplace, to the point of boring, humdrum. 
  • reiterate... To say or do (something) for a second time. 
  • senescene... Ceasing to divide by mitosis because of shortening of telomeres or excessive DNA damage.

こういう単語帳を作って反復しないと、自分で嫌になるくらい何回も何回も同じ語句を調べてしまいます…。

 

追加。やっぱりweblioの和訳を載せることにしました。

  • spurious... 偽の, 偽造の, うわべだけの, もっともらしい 

    例) ..., producing spurious results without ecological meaning. 

  • back of the envelop ... 簡単な計算・簡単な問題
  • panacea ... 万能薬
  • uphold ... 支持する, 確認する

    例) Scientific integrity should be upheld by scientists throughout the scientific process.

  • procrastinate ... ぐずぐずする, 先延ばしする
  • impetus ... 勢い, 弾み, 刺激